A history of the second world war

On June the Japanese navy was decisively defeated at the battle of the Philippine Sea and by 8 July all of Saipan was in American hands. Poland, for its part, had guarantees of French and British military support should it be attacked by Germany. Soon the United Kingdom and France followed the counsel of British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and conceded this territory to Germany in the Munich Agreementwhich was made against the wishes of the Czechoslovak government, in exchange for a promise of no further territorial demands.

World War II had begun. Meanwhile on 20 October American troops landed on the island of Leyte in the Philippines. However by May allied ships were destroying U-boats at such a rate that Donitz, their commander was forced to withdraw them from the Atlantic.

world war ii combatants

The last German troops at Stalingrad surrendered on 2 February Furthermore, if Germany had stayed neutral in the war between Japan and the USA then presumably American attention would have been distracted from Europe.

For Japan, it was a devastating blow and it led inexorably to her defeat.

World war 2 summary

Soviet troops soon advanced into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, while Hitler gathered his forces to drive the Americans and British back from Germany in the Battle of the Bulge December January , the last major German offensive of the war. In the mids, he began the rearmament of Germany, secretly and in violation of the Versailles Treaty. They advanced quickly and took Penang on 16 December. The last Germans left on 16 August Meanwhile the allies had won the battle of the Atlantic. On 27 May Bismarck was sunk by British destroyers. A lack of four-engine bombers, for example, made it hard for Germany to conduct truly devastating long-range strategic-bombing campaigns against enemies overseas. Hitler should have paused to ask how, with such a weak navy, he planned to cross the oceans and sack London and, later,Washington.

On 19 August Paris rose in rebellion and on 25 Augustthe American army entered the city. As a result of the battle, the Japanese were forced to call off their invasion of Port Moresby.

By then it was too late in the year.

A history of the second world war

The Russians then advanced and they gradually pushed the Germans back. Also during October, the Germans evacuated Greece and partisans liberated Belgrade the capital of Yugoslavia. Planes from the last Japanese carrier managed to damage the Yorktown and 2 days later it was sunk by a submarine. It was not merely more powerful than Germany it was much more powerful. True, Hitler had Japan on his side but in Japan was a small power with a limited amount of industry. Another disaster occurred at the battle of the Java Sea on 27 February when 5 allied destroyers and 3 cruisers were sunk. It also gave new hope to the conquered people of Europe. The Nazis were slower than the Allies to replace downed aircraft they had less experience with high-volume manufacturing ; they were also slower to replace fallen pilots their aircraft were harder to operate. Post-war Germany would be divided into four occupation zones, to be controlled by the Soviet Union, Britain, the United States and France. Worse on 17 September , the Russians invaded Poland from the east. Warsaw surrendered on 27 September and all resistance ended on 5 October

The Axis countries lived in a fantasy world—they believed their own propaganda, which argued that, for reasons of race and ideology, they were unbeatable.

All German armed forces surrendered unconditionally at 1 minute past midnight on the night of May

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World War II: Causes and Timeline