Pollutants Main article: Pollutant A pollutant is a waste material that pollutes air, water, or soil. A collection of solid wastes in one place or scattered around is unsightly and might smell bad to you as you pass by Figure 7.
Power plants and industrial plants that burn fossil fuels use a variety of filtering methods to reduce particles and scrubbing methods to reduce gases, although no effective method is currently available for the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.
Solid waste can produce highly polluting leachate which contaminates soil groundwater.
What types of organic waste are produced by a typical household? Many urban areas of developing countries have similar or greater levels of air pollution. You would expect drinking water to be colourless, odourless and transparent not turbid with suspended particulates.
To achieve SDG 7 targets for universal access to modern energy, 3 billion people must gain access to clean cooking solutions, and 1 billion must gain access to electricity, by Sources of Chemical Water Pollution Chemicals can enter waterways from a point source or a nonpoint source.
Pollutants can cause disease, including cancer, lupus, immune diseases, allergies, and asthma. The variety of health effects of urban air pollution and the variety of sources create opportunities for ancillary effects that need to be taken into account in economic cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis.
Another major source of industrial water pollution is mining. Carbon dioxide emissions cause ocean acidificationthe ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans as CO 2 becomes dissolved.
This chapter will not repeat the discussion about indoor air pollution caused by biomass burning chapter 42 and water pollution caused by poor sanitation at the household level chapter 41but it will focus on the problems caused by air and water pollution at the community, country, and global levels.
The calculations take into account the 20 or 30 years that have elapsed since the disease outbreaks occurred and annualize the costs and benefits over a year period.