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The Lutherans and the London Missionary Society both became established in the country by Over the years, several offshoots of the Bakwena moved into adjoining territories.

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During the s the new territory was divided into eight different reserves, with fairly small amounts of land being left as freehold for white settlers. During the Berlin Conference , Britain decided to annex Botswana in order to safeguard the Road to the North and thus connect the Cape Colony to its territories further north. The first written records relating to modern-day Botswana appear in Members of the Bakwena , a chieftaincy under a legendary leader named Kgabo II, made their way into the southern Kalahari by AD , at the latest, and his people drove the Bakgalagadi inhabitants west into the desert. In fact, there was no censorship, although journalists generally adhered to community standards and cultural rules of not using offensive language in their content. There are also a few radio stations based in Botswana which stream online. In a coalition of Tswana chiefdoms led by Sechele I resisted Afrikaner incursions, and after about eight years of intermittent tensions and hostilities, eventually came to a peace agreement in Potchefstroom in Masire retired from office in Over the years, several offshoots of the Bakwena moved into adjoining territories. By every major village had a resident missionary, and their influence slowly became felt. History of Media in Botswana After Botswana's independence , the government granted freedom of expression to all of it's citizens. A long-running dispute over the northern border with Namibia 's Caprivi Strip was the subject of a ruling by the International Court of Justice in December

Despite their misgivings, they eventually acquiesced to this fait accompli. Based on the constitution, the country held its first general elections under universal suffrage and gained independence on 30 September There are also a few radio stations based in Botswana which stream online.

A European-African advisory council was formed inand the constitution established a consultative legislative council.

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During the Berlin ConferenceBritain decided to annex Botswana in order to safeguard the Road to the North and thus connect the Cape Colony to its territories further north. What these records show is that the Bangwaketse had become the predominant power in the region. Taking advantage of this were Christian missionaries.

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A European-African advisory council was formed in , and the constitution established a consultative legislative council. These states, located outside of current Botswana's borders, appear to have kept massive cattle herds in what is now the Central District—apparently at numbers approaching modern cattle density. History of Media in Botswana After Botswana's independence , the government granted freedom of expression to all of it's citizens. Although the Bangwaketse were able to defeat the invading Bakololo in , over time all the major chiefdoms in Botswana were attacked, weakened, and impoverished. Although successive South African governments sought to have the territories transferred to their jurisdiction, the UK kept delaying; consequently, it never occurred. Botswana Rock Art. Eventually, the University of Botswana created a media studies department to provide training to its citizens. This meant that even the opposition to the government had every right to express themselves in print or digital media without being prosecuted or snuffed, a privilege that citizens in many other African countries have been denied. All these various peoples were connected to trade routes that ran via the Limpopo River to the Indian Ocean, and trade goods from Asia such as beads made their way to Botswana most likely in exchange for ivory, gold, and rhinoceros horn. Masire retired from office in A long-running dispute over the northern border with Namibia 's Caprivi Strip was the subject of a ruling by the International Court of Justice in December It unilaterally annexed Tswana territories in January and then sent the Warren Expedition north to consolidate control over the area and convince the chiefs to accept British overrule. This plan, which was well on its way to fruition despite the entreaties of Tswana leaders who toured England in protest, was eventually foiled by the failure of the Jameson Raid in January

Khama III reigned — was the first of the Tswana chiefs to make Christianity a state religion, and changed a great deal of Tswana customary law as a result. It ruled that Kasikili Island belongs to Botswana. In that era, the ancestors of the modern-day Kalanga moved into what is now the north-eastern areas of the country.

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The Bakololo and Amandebele raided repeatedly, and took large numbers of cattle, women, and children from the Batswana—most of whom were driven into the desert or sanctuary areas such as hilltops and caves.

Members of the Bakwenaa chieftaincy under a legendary leader named Kgabo II, made their way into the southern Kalahari by ADat the latest, and his people drove the Bakgalagadi inhabitants west into the desert.

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