Discuss the importance of literature review in carrying out research
Reveal any gaps that exist in the literature.
Purpose of literature review in research
Research is an investigative study of a topic or area. You have written a research paper, an original paper in your area of specialization, without a literature review. In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue? In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews. Sometimes scholars write papers or essays only to realize that their key arguments were already written about or published by others. This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time. Narrow the Topic The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources.
By examining the strengths and weaknesses of existing research, you can thus make sure you adopt the most appropriate methods, data sources and analytical techniques for your own work.
Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.
A crucial part of this is formulating a theoretical frameworkwhich comprises the concepts and theories that your work is based upon and against which its success will be judged.
It provides evidence that your research will be a unique and relevant influence to statistics.
Cook, Kathleen E. There are several reasons why we do this. Live Chat The Importance Of Literature Reviews In Academic Writing Literature reviews, a key component of scholarly write-ups, call for a high degree of academic maturity from researchers.
Importance of literature review in defining a problem pdf
Summarize and Synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each thematic paragraph as well as throughout the review. The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested. One of the additional benefits derived from doing the literature review is that it will quickly reveal which researchers have written the most on a particular topic and are, therefore, probably the experts on the topic. The review of literature is of high significance in certain disciplines, especially within the social sciences, where it becomes the primary tool to evaluate, juxtapose and critique the existing body of scholarship. How will you further your research as a result of the review? But before going in deep in discussing the importance of literature review, the writer will define what research is and why do research so that we have an idea of what we are talking about. Retrieved from oxfordlearnersdictionaries. It helps steer clear of inadvertent plagiarism Be it a scholarly paper or doctoral thesis, it is important to steer clear of plagiarism of any sort. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. Your theoretical and methodological frameworks rely hugely on what has been done in the field so far.
Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English lays down the meaning of research as a careful investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge.
For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text. Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's available about the topic, but you'll make your job easier if you first limit scope of the research problem. For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording. For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites. Baumeister, Roy F. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. Retrieved from wikipedia. Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent. When you come to write up your findings, your literature review will therefore provide a crucial point of reference. When you are about to publish the paper, you soon learn that someone has already published a paper on a topic very similar to yours. In short, you could have utilized the time, money, and other resources you have wasted on your research on something else. However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective.
Should I evaluate the sources? Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored.
Importance of literature review in research methodology
A good strategy is to begin by searching the HOMER catalog for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses on specific issues. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. History: the chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English lays down the meaning of research as a careful investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? This gives you a good grip over the sources, so you can decide which ones to focus on and which ones to discard. Development of the Literature Review Four Stages 1. Upon completion of the literature review, a researcher should have a solid foundation of knowledge in the area and a good feel for the direction any new research should take. By exposing you to the vast world of scholarship, literature reviews help you on both counts. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? Of course, you have not plagiarized anything from that publication; however, if and when you publish your work, people will be suspicious of your authenticity. By examining the strengths and weaknesses of existing research, you can thus make sure you adopt the most appropriate methods, data sources and analytical techniques for your own work. Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
From the number of articles written by the author and the number of times the writer has been cited by other authors, a researcher will be able to assume that the particular author is an expert in the area and, thus, a key resource for consultation in the current research to be undertaken.
Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent.
The Writing Center.
based on 111 review