Systemic lupus erythromatosis
Heart and lungs Occasionally, lupus directly affects the heart and lungs. Subtypes of antinuclear antibodies include anti-Smith and anti-double stranded DNA dsDNA antibodies which are linked to SLE and anti-histone antibodies which are linked to drug-induced lupus.
Systemic lupus erythematosus ppt
Endurance: Exercises that strengthen your heart, give you energy, control your weight and help improve your overall health. Less frequently, lupus can affect the lining tissue of the gut serositis , the gut, pancreas, liver or spleen, causing pain in the abdomen. Treatments for more severe SLE may include: High-dose corticosteroids. Many people with lupus experience memory problems and may have difficulty expressing their thoughts. Some people with lupus are more at risk of developing blood clots in veins or arteries. It involves either the mitral valve or the tricuspid valve. Consult your health-care provider to find out what exercises are suitable to you. The cause of lupus in most cases, however, is unknown. Recent national estimates of prevalence and incidence are not available for SLE. Because these symptoms are so often seen in association with other diseases, these signs and symptoms are not part of the diagnostic criteria for SLE. This leads to a condition called lupus nephritis. For example, your doctor may recommend that you stop taking certain medications and that you schedule meetings with other health-care specialists, such as an obstetrician who specializes in high-risk pregnancies. Medication Depending on the symptoms and the affected organs, a person with SLE may receive one or more of the following types of medication: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs , which include aspirin antimetabolites, such as methotrexate corticosteroids, for example, prednisone Deltasone creams biologics, such as belimumab Benlysta immunosuppressive medications, which include azathioprine Imuran and cyclosporine Neoral blood thinners, such as warfarin Coumadin These medications work to reduce either inflammation, the activity of the immune system, or damage to the body resulting from SLE.
It leads to a progression of the apoptosis process and finally to secondary necrosis of the cells if this ability is disturbed.
Low doses of corticosteroids, such as prednisone, for skin and arthritis symptoms. These cells normally engulf B cells that have undergone apoptosis after somatic hypermutation. It can also cause inflammation of the blood vessels vasculitis.
Rarely, lupus can cause fits similar to epilepsy or feelings of paranoia similar to schizophrenia - though these complications only affect a small number of people with lupus.
For example malaria, which occurs often in tropical regions, is thought to be protective against SLE, while the Epstein-Barr virus, more common in the West, increases SLE risk.
Prevalence Prevalence is a measurement of all individuals affected by a disease at a particular time, usually a year. Dendritic cells in the germinal center may endocytose such antigenic material and present it to T cells, activating them.
Massage Massaging of muscles and other soft tissues, by a professional massage therapist, may lead to a decrease in stiffness and pain. Acupuncture Acupuncture, an ancient Chinese therapy, involves pricking the skin or tissues with needles to alleviate pain and treat various physical and mental health conditions.
Systemic lupus erythematosus wikipedia
Similarly, subacute cutaneous lupus manifests as red, scaly patches of skin but with distinct edges. Some people with lupus will only have these symptoms, though they can still have a big impact on daily life. However, the presence of certain SLE antibodies or antiphospholipid antibodies raises the risk of miscarriage. Many people with SLE have mild symptoms. People with SLE may need to avoid sun exposure, which can contribute to vitamin D deficiency. Your health-care provider can offer valuable advice about these treatments, especially how they may affect other medications and treatments. Related conditions About one third of people with lupus develop an additional autoimmune disease. Serum components like complement factors, CRP , and some glycoproteins are, furthermore, decisively important for an efficiently operating phagocytosis. Lupus increases the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy preeclampsia and preterm birth. Each person with SLE needs evaluation regarding: How active the disease is What part of the body is affected What form of treatment is needed Mild forms of the disease may be treated with: NSAIDs for joint symptoms and pleurisy. To achieve the most benefit, these exercises should be done daily.
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