The problem of obesity

People who are obese are more likely to be depressed and have lower self-esteem.

obesity rates by country 2018

Inan estimated 41 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight or obese. Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of obesity, premature death and disability in adulthood.

A Growing Problem.

The problem of obesity is becoming a serious issue all over the world

Changes in dietary and physical activity patterns are often the result of environmental and societal changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education. But in addition to increased future risks, obese children experience breathing difficulties, increased risk of fractures, hypertension, early markers of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and psychological effects. These dietary patterns, in conjunction with lower levels of physical activity, result in sharp increases in childhood obesity while undernutrition issues remain unsolved. The estimated mortality from obesity-related diseases in the United States is approximately , annually and growing. Accessed March 20, The Strategy calls upon all stakeholders to take action at global, regional and local levels to improve diets and physical activity patterns at the population level. Vital Signs: Adult Obesity. Because muscle weighs more than fat, a muscular person can have a high BMI, but not too much body fat. Of these over million adults were obese. They also may have irregular periods , too much hair growth, and bad acne. More circulating blood also means more pressure on the artery walls. Nearly half of the children under 5 who were overweight or obese in lived in Asia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS. Am J Surg.

Defining Overweight and Obesity. Wear and tear on the joints from carrying extra weight may lead to arthritis in adulthood.

Obesity is preventable.

How to prevent obesity

Women with higher incomes are less likely to have obesity than those with lower incomes. It is not uncommon to find undernutrition and obesity co-existing within the same country, the same community and the same household. Abnormal blood lipid levels, including high cholesterol, low HDL "good" cholesterol, and high triglyceride levels, increase the chances of having a heart attack or stroke when a person gets older. The risk for these noncommunicable diseases increases, with increases in BMI. Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight. It is largely caused by obesity, and is generally cured by weight loss. Kids and teens who are overweight are more likely to develop diabetes and other health problems. Wear and tear on the joints from carrying extra weight may lead to arthritis in adulthood.

As you've probably heard, more people are overweight today than ever before.

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Obesity Health Problem, Healthy Weight Basics, NHLBI, NIH